Concrete Terms in Civil Construction 2020

Concrete industry is regulated by the use of specific terms related to construction and building. The diversely skillful team working in paving and construction environments, including manufacturers, distributors, civil engineers, contractors, designers, or workmen, are well-aware of these concrete terms.

A good understanding of these technical terms enhances the efficiency of concrete work. Following is a list of words briefly explained to help you gain insight into concrete terms:

General Concrete Terms

Abrasion : buffing away of concrete surface by friction
Absorption : the amount or process of water absorption by concrete

Accelerators: Enhance processes like setting time, hydration, and hardening
Air content: Air gap volume in mortar, cement paste, or concrete
Air meter: Air content measuring device

Architectural Concrete: constantly viewed by the human eye, hence, designed accordingly
bleed through: Change in color due to color diffused from a layer beneath
Butt Joint : Joins concrete slabs

chalking: Wearing away of concrete layer or surface to produce a loose powder
Deterioration: Tangible demonstration of concrete degradation like flaking, scaling, and pitting etc.
Diaphragm: A division or separation
Elasticity : Ability of Concrete Terms to return to its original shape and form after a subjected pressure is released

Floating : Eliminates high spots and covers low spots
Grade: During concrete placement, ground elevation at areas where it joins with a structure
Hydration: Water and cement reaction during the process of concrete development
Impervious: Not allowing any fluids to pass

Paste : A mixture of water and cement constituting concrete
Pitting: Cavities formed on the concrete surface due to delimited disintegration
Tint: Decoration of concrete by washing it with diluted color wash
Viscosity: The degree of fluidity of a liquid substance, which determines its ability to flow

Concrete Terms & Specific:

Admixture: A material added to regulate certain characteristics of the mixture
Alkali-Silica Reactivity (ASR): Silica reacting with alkali hydroxides, and
Bituminous cement: Substance that contains intermediate content of hydrocarbons. Available in various states including semisolid, solid, and liquid
calcium chloride vapor-emission test : Measures moisture vapor content that produced by concrete substrate in a particular time

Calcination: Loss of bound water and carbon dioxide to cause decomposition
Lean Concrete Terms: Concrete with low content of cement
Limestone: Calcium carbonate mineral rocks, occurs in various stages in concrete
Mortar: A mixture of sand and cement paste

Portland cement: A cement that contains large content of calcium silicates that form a hard solid after reacting with water, followed by converting into concrete
Ready-mixed concrete: Amalgamation of concrete before sending it to be placed at the job site
Rebar (or reinforcing bars): Ribbed bars of steel with varying strength grades and sizes, which enhance the flexural strength of concrete

Salt finish: A process that involves the scattering rock salt on fresh concrete surface to add texture to it. It is followed by pressing the salt particles on the concrete surface using rollers. The salt is washed away after the concrete sets in place

Slump: A degree of Concrete Terms consistency obtained after the removal of a molded specimen from certain cones
Static cracks: Fixed hairline splits on the concrete surface
Zero-Slump Concrete: Extremely firm and dry concrete formed after the removal of slumps

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